Safeguarding Against Malaria

By November 13, 2014 March 21st, 2017 Travel Health
Safeguarding Against Malaria

Malaria is one of the most infectious and widely spread diseases with more than 200 million malaria cases reported worldwide annually. This mosquito-borne disease is known to affect people of all ages and gender, and can be fatal if not treated in due time. Malaria spreads from mosquito bites that are infected with a parasite called plasmodium.

Detection and treatment in due time is essential to ensure malaria doesn’t become lethal. With various advancements in the health care industry, it is now much easier to detect and treat malaria. Being vigilant of the symptoms is the best tool you have for safeguarding against malaria. For ensuring safety against malaria, you should be aware of symptoms which include:

  • Pain in the abdominal region
  • Headache
  • Sweating or feeling chills
  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Pain in muscles and joints

There are some symptoms that may appear in only some people including:

  • Low blood pressure
  • Haemoglobin in the urine
  • Retinal damage
  • Diarrhoea

As soon as you see any of these symptoms immediately go and see your doctor for it may become more severe. Blood and various other tests should be carried out to see if indeed it is malaria. Medications and requisite course work can then be charted.

There are quite a few medicines in the market that are known to work effectively against malaria. Consult your doctor about the dosages, effectiveness and side effects of these medicines if any. Ask for more information on medicines like Lariam, Malarone, Chloroquine and Paludrine Avloclor that are known to help malaria patients or prevent infection.

While you cannot avoid malaria you can take precautions to reduce exposure:

Awareness

Always be mindful of the area where you are staying when you are travelling. Look for any unhygienic places, littering or puddles of stagnant water around where you are staying and avoid them.

Hygiene

Always check for places where you stay, work or eat for hygiene. Unhygienic places and practices are breeding grounds for mosquitos. Try and stay away or at least take necessary precautions.

Repellents

There are quite a few mosquito repellents on the market that are effective, always keep them at home and apply when necessary. Do not forget to carry one as well when travelling. This is your easy and most effective remedy for mosquito bites.

Regular clinic visits

When in suspicion it is better to be safe and sure than sorry. Any feelings or symptoms you may think are indicating the onset of a fever or cold, do not wait, go to the clinic immediately and get it checked. Early detection will go a long way in addressing the symptoms effectively.

Mosquito net

You may not like to use a mosquito net in your bedroom, however, if there’s a mosquito scare, a net is your best defense.

Close your doors and windows

Ensure in the evenings or before going to bed your windows and doors are closed properly to keep the mosquitoes out.

Be alert

Your well-being is in your hands, know all the causes and reasons for malaria and always be on the lookout to safeguard yourself.

Prevention is better than cure, so take appropriate steps to prevent infection.

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