Hay fever which is also known as seasonal allergic rhinitis is quite common in different parts of the world. Hay fever is essentially inflammation of the nasal passages due to airborne elements like tree pollen, animal dander, grass or weeds.
Children with one of their parents affected by hay fever may contract it with a 30% chance and with both parents affected, the number increases to 50%. Understanding the symptoms and the reasons behind hay fever is important as there is no cure for it. Understanding these will help you get the right treatment at the right time.
Knowing the symptoms
The symptoms for hay fever are quite easy to identify, however, they can also be confused with normal fever due to their common nature. These symptoms are headache, sneezing, coughing, sore throat, irritability, blocked nose, itchy throat or watery eyes. Some people also experience shortness of breath or high fever. These symptoms are usually visible around the same time of the year. You should immediately visit a doctor if you are experiencing any of the above symptoms.
Understanding the causes
Airborne particles like spores or pollen from fungi, trees and grass – also known as allergens aggravate the nasal pathways and are the main cause of hay fever. The immune system reacts to these allergens by releasing histamine – a chemical that fights off the foreign particles. Symptoms like itchy eyes, running nose and coughing are usually caused by the release of histamine.
Getting the right treatment
Decongestants and antihistamines are great to treat moderate allergy symptoms. You may consider using Nasonex nasal spray and Xyzal after consulting with your physician about the dosage and frequency.
Your best defence against hay fever is curbing your exposure to these allergens by way of some precautions. Always cover your face and eyes when going outside and especially remember to shut your car windows when travelling. Be mindful of washing your hands, feet and hair when you come inside the house. With the right precautions and measures you can be ready to counter hay fever successfully; we at Loxdoc hope this blog helps you in many ways be ready.